University of Oslo
The University of Oslo (Norwegian: Universitetet i Oslo, UiO) is a public university located in Oslo, Norway. The university has more than 30,000 students (2007), and 4600 employees (2007) and is considered as one of the leading Scandinavian universities.
The university was founded as The Royal Frederick University (Norwegian: Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet) i 1813. There were only 17 students and 6 teachers at the time, and classes were held in rented buildings.
The University of Oslo got its own campus in 1852. The campus is located in downtown Oslo, and is still used by The Faculty of Law.
In 1939, the university changed its name to the University of Oslo.
A new campus was built in the 1920s, in a neighborhood of Oslo called Blindern. The site was further developed in the 1960s, and most of the university is located there today.
The university originally had four faculties: Theology, Law, Medicine and Philosophy. The faculty of Philosophy was split into The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science and The Faculty of Arts in 1861.
The Norwegian College of Dentistry joined the University of Oslo in 1959, and became The Faculty of Dentistry. The Faculty of Social Sciences was established in 1963, and The Faculty of Education in 1996
The University of Oslo has four Nobel laureates:
- Odd Hassel - Chemistry, 1969
- Ragnar Frisch - Economics, 1969
- Ivar Giæver - Physics, 1973
- Trygve Haavelmo - Economics, 1989