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Sparta [r]: A rival city-state in Ancient Greece to Athens. It was noted for having a warrior culture presided over by two kings, and for winning the long Peloponnesian war against the Athenian-led Delian League. In the Iliad according to Homer, King Menelaus had his wife, Helen of Troy, abducted by the Trojan prince, Paris, which triggered the decade-long Trojan War. [e]

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