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Bacchae [r]: In Greek mythology, The Bacchae was a drama in the genre of Greek tragedy by the Greek Athenian playwright Euripides. It was the story based on the mythology of King Pentheus of the city-state of Thebes (where many Greek tragedies had as their setting, according to Classics scholar Elizabeth Vandiver). It was performed in the Theater of Dionysos in 405 BCE and won first prize in a theatrical competition known as the City Dionysia festival competition. The philosopher Nietzsche compared Dionysos with his brother Apollo on many dimensions; Dionysos was about impulse, drinking, and revelry, while Apollo reflected calm deliberation, reason, thought, and careful virtuous action based on rationality and planning. [e]

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