Universal health care
A universal health care system provides health care for all persons in a particular jurisdiction. Such a system is financed through taxes,government mandated insurance premiums or both. In some instances health care workers work directly for the government. Alternately, the government may operate a health insurance program, which pays self-employed doctors and private not-for-profit hospitals for services rendered.
One of the first systems of government mandated health insurance was instituted in Germany in 1883 under Otto Von Bismarck. A national health insurance act was passed in the United Kingdom in 1911. In 1948 the U.K. adopted the National Health Service, providing government operated health care.