Transient neurological attack

From Citizendium
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and subject to a disclaimer.



For more information, see: Transient ischemic attack.


Nonfocal transient neurological attack is defined as:[1][2]

"disturbances of vision in one or both eyes consisting of flashes, objects, distorted-view tunnel vision, or image moving on change of posture; alteration of muscle strength consisting of tiredness or heavy sensation in one or more limbs, either unilateral or bilateral; sensory symptoms alone (unilateral or bilateral) or a gradual spread of sensory symptoms; brain stem symptoms and coordination difficulties consisting of isolated disorder of swallowing or articulation, double vision, dizziness, or uncoordinated movements; and accompanying symptoms including unconsciousness, limb jerking, tingling of the limbs or lips, disorientation, and amnesia."

The most common symptoms are:[3]


In a cohort study of 6062 adults about 5% had a TNA over 10 years found rates of subsequent stroke and dementia were increased depending on type of transient neurological attack (see table).[3]

Rates of subsequent stroke and dementia after transient neurological attack[3]
  Stroke Dementia
Any Vascular
Focal attacks
(transient ischemic attacks)
2.14 0.94 1.12
Nonfocal attacks 1.56 1.59 4.97
Mixed attacks 2.48 3.46 18.8

Among nonfocal symptoms:


  1. Bots ML, van der Wilk EC, Koudstaal PJ, Hofman A, Grobbee DE (1997). "Transient neurological attacks in the general population. Prevalence, risk factors, and clinical relevance". Stroke 28 (4): 768–73. PMID 9099194[e]
  2. (1975) "A classification and outline of cerebrovascular diseases. II". Stroke 6 (5): 564–616. PMID 1179466[e]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Bos MJ, van Rijn MJ, Witteman JC, Hofman A, Koudstaal PJ, Breteler MM (2007). "Incidence and Prognosis of Transient Neurological Attacks". JAMA 298 (24): 2877–2885. DOI:10.1001/jama.298.24.2877. PMID 18159057. Research Blogging.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Evans JG (1990). "Transient neurological dysfunction and risk of stroke in an elderly English population: the different significance of vertigo and non-rotatory dizziness". Age Ageing 19 (1): 43–9. PMID 2316424[e]
  5. Dennis MS, Bamford JM, Sandercock PA, Warlow CP (1989). "Lone bilateral blindness: a transient ischaemic attack". Lancet 1 (8631): 185–8. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(89)91203-8. PMID 2563098. Research Blogging.
  6. Pessin MS, Kwan ES, DeWitt LD, Hedges TR, Gale D, Caplan LR (1987). "Posterior cerebral artery stenosis". Ann. Neurol. 21 (1): 85–9. DOI:10.1002/ana.410210115. PMID 3827217. Research Blogging.
  7. Gautier JC (1993). "Amaurosis fugax". N. Engl. J. Med. 329 (6): 426–8. PMID 8326979[e]
  8. Pantoni L, Bertini E, Lamassa M, Pracucci G, Inzitari D (2005). "Clinical features, risk factors, and prognosis in transient global amnesia: a follow-up study". Eur. J. Neurol. 12 (5): 350–6. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2004.00982.x. PMID 15804264. Research Blogging.
  9. Heyman A, Wilkinson W, Pfeffer R, Vogt T. 'Dizzy' spells in the elderly—a predictor of stroke? Tram Am Neurol Assoc 1980; 105:169-71.