Talk:Documentary hypothesis

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 Definition "The theory (based on source-critical arguments) that the Pentateuch is written by four separate authors rather than by one (Moses)." [d] [e]
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The page is gradually starting to take shape, slowly but surely. It still has a LOT of work to be done, in analyzing more of the alleged inconsistencies, and providing a section on criticism, as well as another possible section on support or level of support among scholars - I need to think through what else to include. This is a start that I need to work on; and am nowhere near finished, but it's got a basis now anyway. --Joshua Zambrano 00:52, 14 March 2011 (UTC)

I am making sure to source everything heavily as I go along, making the going slow, but it should be worth it. --Joshua Zambrano 00:52, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
Virtually all of the "sources" are tendentious, sectarian organizations or publishers. By labeling certain claims "erroneous," the article would appear to fail to adhere to Citizendium's policy of neutrality and objectivity. A tract is not an encyclopedia article. Bruce M. Tindall 01:19, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
Virtually all of those sources involve credentialed, scholarly research. You may dislike them because they don't provide the material you want, but the credentials for the authors are there. Ultimately, this is not a debate of scholarly vs. unscholarly, but of Biblically-supportive scholars and scholars critical of the Bible. You want to deny voice to those who support the Bible and would provide the alternative viewpoint by calling them 'sectarian' when those on the other side are just as much so. This is certainly better than the lone source that was provided for a much broader topic at the Authors of the Bible page.--Joshua Zambrano 05:23, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
And, on the definition page, to call the theory "un-evidenced" not only is in my opinion another violation of the objectivity policy, but also betrays a serious lack of understanding on the author's part of what constitutes scholarly evidence. I have therefore edited the definition to remove the word. If the author of this article denies that textual criticism has any scholarly validity, in the absence of an original copy of the P, J, etc., manuscripts, then I challenge him to produce an [i]original[/i] copy of Genesis written by the hand of Moses (preferably notarized by Aaron) to support the hypothesis he is attempting to impose on this CZ article. Bruce M. Tindall 02:39, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
That's because it is un-evidenced. There is zero hard documentary or archaeological evidence to show any of those documents ever existed. They all rely on the highly questionable interpretations of a select group of liberal, Biblically-critical scholars, and whose interpretations can often be shown readily false. Even IF there were inconsistencies, it would not lay claim to the corollary stated, that there were multiple authors. As such, there is zero evidence even if assuming the inconsistencies to be true - which they're not.
As for your challenge, I'll thank you to not try using the Strawman Fallacy on me, since A) I never objected to textual criticism, and B) this doesn't even deal with textual criticism overall, but what is known as higher criticism. You've got your terminology mixed up. --Joshua Zambrano 05:23, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
You are right that I shouldn't have used the word erroneous though. And even if it is un-evidenced, I shouldn't be putting that in the definition, you're right. I will avoid using such descriptors from now on. The theory annoys me, something I've stated, but I did let myself use terms like that I shouldn't have, without realizing it. I will be more careful from now on. I still stand by my sources though, which I think are perfectly suitable. I'll remove the term 'erroneously' from the article. --Joshua Zambrano 05:40, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
Furthermore, please provide specific proposals for sources that you think should be included, and I'd be happy to reference them. I have a lot of sources I'm looking at right now, just trying to sort through all the information on this subject, and haven't yet put them in. Right now there's so much, I'm just trying to figure out how to organize it all. I knew when I started the project it would be a huge subject to tackle. --Joshua Zambrano 05:45, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
What makes it tough is that each one of these alleged inconsistencies is a subject in itself. Now, I could address each one of them easily enough by my own logic and reasoning, but as a former Wikipedian, I believe in trying to show where it is reliably sourced elsewhere, and thus must comb through research papers constantly to try and represent the views of both sides. And to do this on each statement made is tedious; trying to ascertain what the primary arguments for both sides are on each issue, as well as how to source them. I am also trying to make sure I don't neglect any valid talking points or lines of logic for either side. --Joshua Zambrano 05:52, 14 March 2011 (UTC)--Joshua Zambrano 05:52, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
Just to show what I mean about the bad reasoning, I've put sections on the Exodus 24 and Genesis 6-9 sections on the page. I would've preferred to put a lot of sources showing this reasoning is sourced elsewhere first, rather than my own words, but it shows what I mean about the poor reading comprehension. Zelkowitz is just not able to read the text and understand it at a basic level, unable to recognize the 40 days referred to the rain specifically, and the 150 days to the flood waters, and for Exodus 24, assuming that Moses being asked to go up to the mountain was the same as him going up, and not recognizing the key word 'mount' in v. 12 showing that Moses was being asked to ascend either to the mountain or mountain top, and that they'd been asked to go somewhere lower before this. Like I said, basic reading comprehension. I feel silly pointing this stuff out, frankly. It should be obvious. --Joshua Zambrano 06:53, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
Also at issue is going to be what Zelkewitz calls "simplest explanations". He repeatedly says things like, "The simplest explanation is that the compiler of the books of Samuel used more than one already existing account of the origins of the monarchy, and that these accounts did not agree among themselves" and "Where this kind of repetition is found, the simplest explanation is often that two versions of the same story have both been allowed to remain in the finished form of the book, unreconciled with each other."
Now, as I can easily show, he doesn't even have the actual contradictions right, since he can't even read the text well enough to note the details a middle schooler should be able to recognize from a straight-forward reading. But even then, the conclusions made don't even follow. Such a conclusion isn't the only or even the simplest explanation available. As has been shown, he failed to recognize the simplest explanation from a straightforward reading of the text each time, but even then, there would be alternate explanations. Repetition for example has long been a key to story-telling, in making sure details are remembered. To say the mere fact of repetition is evidence of multiple authors is of course erroneous. It could also indicate flaws in textual transmission, forgetfulness or mental instability, a lack of recognizing key wording in the original Hebrew text, use of an introduction/overview per Genesis 1, or any other number of causes.
The best I've seen the argument put revealing how bad the set of flawed assumptions at the root of the theory is, is here:
The article points to a number of underlying presuppositions by the Documentary Hypothesis, that there was an evolutionary, linear approach to Israelite history (Wellhausen built his theory on a now-discredited evolutionary philosophy by Hegel), that the texts could be separated on the mere basis of style, that the redactors would even use a simple "cut and paste" style to put their documents together (ludicrous), and, given the vast cultural differences now existing, that the early framers of the Documentary Hypothesis thought they could figure out the purposes and methods of the redactors while the redactors themselves didn't notice. At some point, I want to put this into the criticisms section, but I figured if I put it in without heavier sourcing, you or others will say I'm simply providing a 'sectarian' source, so I wanted some additional sourcing before mentioning these very obvious flaws of the Documentary Hypothesis. --Joshua Zambrano 07:19, 14 March 2011 (UTC)--Joshua Zambrano 07:19, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
Like I said, the only reason I didn't put these points in earlier is I like to move slowly, sourcing everything as I go to avoid all possible objections pertaining to sourcing, with everything said backed up as irrefutably as possible. Otherwise I could've included it all a day or 2 ago. But I recognize some will be inclined to write it off as being extraordinary claims unless sources are likewise extraordinary, so I wanted to provide writing only which I could back up very strongly at the time. However, trying to get all the sourcing in place to prove each point one at a time is tedious and boring. --Joshua Zambrano 07:25, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
The fact remains that there is no significant independent scholarship in favour of Mosaic authorship. That is, the only scholars who argue in favour of it are those who are already committed to it as a religious dogma and then go about trying to find arguments for it. Those independent scholars who reject the DH do so in favour of more radical ideas, e.g. that the patriarchs were invented in the Babylonian exile. I don't know how significant their numbers are.
As you mention Samuel, it may be worth pointing out that there are substantial differences between the Masoretic Hebrew text, whose earliest surviving manuscripts are not much more than a thousand years old, and the Greek version, with manuscripts several centuries older. I'm not sure offhand, but I think the Dead Sea scroll fragments tend to support the Greek. Peter Jackson 10:26, 14 March 2011 (UTC)
Well, what I dislike is the usage of that term, "independent scholarship". Why does it matter if scholarship is independent, in relation to this debate? I've stated already my belief this divides into scholarship that is Biblical critical and Biblically supportive, and suspect there's going to be little in between since, as a more specialized topic, those engaging in it are often going to have an agenda, whether one way, or the other. Clearly there is scholarship on both sides, why do you want to discard that which supports the Bible? One could also make the case that "the only scholars who argue in favor of the Documentary Hypothesis are already committed to it as an anti-religious dogma and then go about trying to find arguments for it." That the agenda could be finding fault with the Bible is only more evidenced by the flawed reasoning behind alleged inconsistencies by said scholars, which is not the mark of an objective, independent scholar, but a biased one grasping at straws to prove their theory of choice.
For example, take the summary that Zelkowitz says at the end of his paper:
"Most critical bible scholars, however, accept the principle of multiple authorship, and Wellhausen's identification of four basic accounts."
By using the modifier "critical" he can conveniently narrow the subject to only those critical of the Bible, and thus exclude mentioning nearly all scholars who are supportive of Mosaic authorship. For example, the term "critical scholar" is explained at the blog, "Debunking Christianity", as according to Jon Levenson, those who "are prepared to interpret the text against their own preferences and traditions, in the interest of intellectual honesty." The problem with this is the one writing such a definition is likely to interpret anyone who considers the Bible authoritative, "intellectually dishonest" and "uncritical" for giving the Bible the benefit of the doubt. Therefore, a large number of scholars who are in disagreement with the hypothesis are subtly implied as unworthy of inclusion in the discussion, by use of such adjectives "independent" and "critical".
My position is that the whole of academia should be referenced when addressing whether the hypothesis is mainstream and has general support among scholars, not just those critical of the Bible. --Joshua Zambrano 19:17, 15 March 2011 (UTC)
That's not what "critical" means. It simply means those who don't just blindly accept dogmas but actually examine the evidence with an open mind.
The fact is that fundamentalists' arguments convince nobody but themselves. The reverse is not true. There's the well-known example pf Bishop Colenso, who went as a missionary to the Zulus. He handed out Bibles, which they studied and came back with lots of awkward questions. They eventually convinced him you couldn't take the Bible literally. And the Vatican, not usually regarded as ahotbed of liberalism, abandoned the dogma of Mosaic authorship decades ago.
What do you mean by "the whole of academia"? There are all sorts of universities. There's the Protestant fundamentalist Bob Jones university. There's presumably a Muslim fundamentalist university in Saudi Arabia, where the religious authorities, last I heard, maintained the earth is flat. In India you can get a degree in astrology. Does Citizendium regard all these as equal? I don't think so. I think it has to work on a concept of an academic mainstream.
I'll start a new section below for some references. Peter Jackson 11:32, 17 March 2011 (UTC)
Just noticed the comment here. I personally don't believe faith is much different from scientific conviction, both come about from honest examination and consideration of all views. You can't have conviction, which is what faith is, without first confronting doubt and logic, right? Like faith, science is the recognization of principles as being beyond reasonable doubt. The difference is that whereas science places its trust in the reason and understanding of men, Christian faith places its trust in a God, whom must first be known by reason. I believe both are come to by being convinced, one way or another, and the processes are similar.
At any rate, my only point is that 'faith' doesn't necessarily imply closed-mindedness, or every scientist who has faith in the scientific method would be in trouble. Faith is simply conviction, trust, in someone or something. How one gets there can be by closed-mindedness or open-mindedness. And I do think the words 'critical' and 'independent' are being used with the assumption that anyone who holds Christian beliefs is inherently un-critical and closed-minded, which isn't necessarily true. Paul in the early church for example confronted the philosophical Greeks in the book of Acts by examining their reasoning about the universe, and quoting their own poets and philosophers. Obviously the Catholic Church centuries later became known as far more closed-minded, but people are prone to forget that around a dozen groups calling themselves Christian were martyred by the Catholic Church from the 3rd-14th centuries A.D. So my point is that it's not like all who called themselves Christians after the early Christian Church became closed-minded and intolerant of other beliefs, just primarily Catholicism.
I'll agree we should be recognizing an academic mainstream. But Cassuto, Alter, Nahkola, and others cited are very much mainstream authors who've contributed strongly to the discussion and furthering Old Testament scholarship as a whole. There is very much growing disagreement about the Documentary Hypothesis. You provided some great Oxford links that really contribute to the page, which mentioned this growing lack of consensus for the hypothesis. So I'm sure you too can agree the hypothesis isn't held as strongly as it once was. I will admit it may be the predominant theory still, but there is definitely growing opposition to it - the recent Nahkola citation appears a good example. Great references by the way. --Joshua Zambrano 08:59, 18 March 2011 (UTC)


In the opening paragraph, a 'Pentateuch' is referred to. What is this? Could it be explained in a parenthesis or with a link? I am of the opinion that the opening paragraph of any article should be accessible to a reasonably intelligent and well-educated person, without following any links.

Otherwise, good job with the article Johan A. Förberg 19:44, 15 March 2011 (UTC)

Oh, good point, it is internally linked in the Traditional Views section, but not in the Lede, so I will substitute both pairs of wording. Thanks for the comments about the article!
Also, I really would be happy to include any sources supportive of the Documentary Hypothesis if anyone wants to provide them. I'm actually having a tough time finding online sources supportive of it! It is far easier to find scholarly sourcing that is critical of it online, than that is supportive, at least from what I'm seeing. It's actually slowing down the writing of the article, because I dislike providing just sources critical of the Documentary Hypothesis, and am looking for more online, readily verifiable sources that present its view positively, and am having problems finding them. I'm finding no shortage of sources that are critical of it though. --Joshua Zambrano 22:45, 15 March 2011 (UTC)
I finally found a source for one of Friedman's works, "Who Wrote the Bible?", online. Friedman seems to be the driving force behind recent support for the Documentary Hypothesis, and I'm recognizing more and more that other supporters of it often just repeat his arguments. The work will now be cited throughout the article. --Joshua Zambrano 01:08, 16 March 2011 (UTC)
Sources need not be online. The best sources should be given even if they are not freely available. --Peter Schmitt 01:28, 16 March 2011 (UTC)
Alright, point taken :) I prefer online sources myself for ready verifying, but I may have to check out another of Friedman's works as they appear prominent but don't appear to be online. --Joshua Zambrano 05:37, 18 March 2011 (UTC)


Standard reference books from a leading academic publisher.

Oxford Dictionary of the Bible, 1996, page 148:

Certainly few would wish to return to the pre-19th-cent. view that the entire *Pentateuch was written by Moses ...

page 288:

Pentateuch ... by modern scholarship regarded as a compilation of *sources from different dates.

Oxford Companion to the Bible, 1993, page 246:

The development of the book of Genesis was a long process extended over centuries

page 580:

... it has long been recognized that he [i.e. Moses] cannot have been the author ...

same page:

The overwhelming tendency has been to expalin the origin of the Pentateuch as the outcame of a process of compilation of various documents from different periods in Israelite history.

same page again:

No item in the foregoing reconstruction [i.e. the standard documentary hypothesis] remains unchallenged, and indeed the theory as a whole can no longer be called the consensus view; nevertheless, no other theory has gained any wide support ...

Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible, 2001, page 3:

... the traditional views of authorship were abandoned from the late eighteenth century onwards in academic scholarship

Peter Jackson 11:45, 17 March 2011 (UTC)

Alright, I just saw this. I will put these references in the article as primary evidence that the DH has academic consensus. I would think an appropriate place might be ahead of this part in the lede:
"The hypothesis is entirely interpretive, and has no historical evidence supporting claims for sourcing from multiple documents, apart from the analysis of the Bible undertaken by the hypothesis.[5] The topic is one of the most "hotly debated" in the field of Biblical scholarship,[6] and the details of the hypothesis strongly debated even among those who support it, with younger scholars abandoning it for other approaches."
I am thinking a good sentence would be, "The Oxford Dictionary of the Bible declares the Documentary Hypothesis as authoritatively recognized since the 19th century, and while recognizing recent challenges deny it claims to being the consensus view, asserts no other theory has gained widespread support in its place."
Thanks for bringing these sources to light! Let me know how you best think this should be worded and included in the article, as I'm happy to put the mention prominently in the Lede. In fact, one of those paragraphs you provided might be a good choice as a quote for the Lede, let me know if you have any preferences. I'm happy to revise the article to include the information, and am looking for ideas on how best to go about this. --Joshua Zambrano 01:57, 18 March 2011 (UTC)
I'm going to edit boldly and get the change implemented, as well as sources you provided, and it probably merits mention elsewhere in the article too with a bit more detail. Maybe a section explaining consensus view or something. Again though, would like to hear your feedback on how to get this best presented in the article. --Joshua Zambrano 01:59, 18 March 2011 (UTC)
I've just included the references, and mentioned in the edit history notes that they're your work as well, when making the edit. I've not only placed them prominently in the Lede, but have also created a subsection mentioning in the Background section titled 'Established Theory'. I think one of the encyclopedic quotes you gave might be a good choice for a Lede quotation, and am considering which one might be best. I wouldn't be averse to seeing a few more featured in the new Established Theory sub-section if you want, or more info provided about the quotes there. Happy to work to achieve consensus in presenting the material, let me know how you want to move forward with this. --Joshua Zambrano 02:56, 18 March 2011 (UTC)--Joshua Zambrano 02:56, 18 March 2011 (UTC)
I'm kind of thinking about a quotation for the Lede that's a merge of two of the quotes, like this:
"it has long been recognized that he [i.e. Moses] cannot have been the author... No item in the foregoing reconstruction [i.e. the standard documentary hypothesis] remains unchallenged, and indeed the theory as a whole can no longer be called the consensus view; nevertheless, no other theory has gained any wide support..."
Since I'm not the one quoting, I'm hesitant to put a quotation in, as I'm not sure it's worded exact. So you might be the best one to put the quote in. I think a merge of quotes from that pg. 580 like this would be best though, one to mention the previously established point that Moses has stopped being recognized as the author, and then that crucial quote, also on 580, showing the theory is now challenged without its former level of consensus, but that other views are questionable (although in my opinion, I think it odd they don't consider the traditional view of Mosaic authorship as an optional competing theory). Anyway, that's the type of quote I'd like to see.
I am thinking a blockquote below either this sentence, separating it from its paragraph, or below the whole paragraph it's in, would be a good way to present such a quotation:
"Oxford scholarship has repeatedly declared the Documentary Hypothesis as authoritatively recognized since the 19th century,[5] and while recognizing recent challenges deny its former place as the consensus view, assert no other theory has gained widespread support in its stead."
Let me know what you think. These are really good sources you've provided, I'm happy to display them prominently in the Lede if you'd like, with emphasis, and am just looking for discussion on how best to go about this. --Joshua Zambrano 03:04, 18 March 2011 (UTC)

Proofs Section

I need more info filled in here, and will be looking at Friedman's work and others in the upcoming week to try and fill this in. If anyone would like to add here, each point needs more information, and maybe more points as well. I'm trying to figure out how best to categorize the proofs Friedman and Barton provide. I realize I kind of filled in the page around it, addressing mainly just the inconsistencies, and this is the next big part of the page to be completed.

It's why I haven't focused more on the Inconsistencies or Criticism section more, completing them, I realize this should take precedence and am trying to figure out how to categorize and present it, before truly focusing on those. --Joshua Zambrano 03:14, 18 March 2011 (UTC)

Title change

Since there is not title change request tag here I could not tag this article for a title change. Could someone please change the title to Documentary hypothesis. I also went and changed most of the casing for the article titles. I may have missed a few. Also, numbers under 10 should be spelled out as well as spelling out the word "and" instead of using &. Mary Ash 04:50, 18 March 2011 (UTC)

Alright, sure, moved. I'm still a bit unfamiliar with naming conventions for Citizendium, my apologies :) Thanks for the changes! Also, I've just found another good source, an Oxford scholar named Aulikki Nahkola, and added her work, Double Narratives in the Old Testament, to the page's references. I have yet to really read through the book fully yet, and expect to cite it more often as I do so. --Joshua Zambrano 05:32, 18 March 2011 (UTC)


I understand that an editor is likely to be available to deal with this in a few weeks, so I think we can leave things till then. Peter Jackson 09:57, 18 March 2011 (UTC)

Alright, sure. I am hoping to complete the Proofs section soon, and got hung up the last few days trying to figure out what in Friedman's book actually contained any proofs, as it seems almost exclusively speculation with little basis for concluding anything. "Correlation does not imply causation" and all that, which is basically the fallacy I've concluded most of the book consists of now. That and cherry-picking. However, I want to present Friedman's and Barton's claims objectively and think I'm getting the hang of presenting them now. --Joshua Zambrano 20:02, 18 March 2011 (UTC)
Based on my experience here of almost four years, Joshua, I wouldn't stop my efforts for a couple of weeks while waiting for a theoretical editor to show up at the end of that time and wave a magic wand over the article. Maybe he will and maybe she won't -- I wouldn't count on it. Just go ahead and do your best in the meantime. Hayford Peirce 20:05, 18 March 2011 (UTC)
Alright, sure. I'm willing to work with anyone who thinks they have material or sources for the article in achieving consensus but if someone wants an Editor involved I'm fine with that too. Again, am hoping to complete the Proofs section soon so I can spend more time on the Inconsistencies and Criticism sections as the next target. --Joshua Zambrano 20:08, 18 March 2011 (UTC)
For the article to be fair in using criticisms though, it must first show what is being criticized. So I'm trying to give precedence to making sure the theory is adequately represented in its claims on the page first before completing material on criticism. I feel confident I should be able to have both the proofs and criticisms sections completed within 2 weeks assuming of course that all goes well. --Joshua Zambrano 20:21, 18 March 2011 (UTC)
(I typed the following a few minutes ago in reply to your comment of 20:08 but forgot to Save it): Just do what you can, and what you want to. If an Editor wants to get involved, he or she will do so. Hayford Peirce 20:45, 18 March 2011 (UTC)
When I said I think we can leave things I was referring mainly to the discussions we've been having, not to work on the article itself. That's up to Joshua and anyone else interested. Peter Jackson 10:14, 19 March 2011 (UTC)

Suggestion on presentation

I wonder if some tabular format might present better the relatively short paragraphs of the specific points. Here's a prototype only:

Verse Supporting hypothesis Opposing hypothesis
Genesis 6 through 9 Asserted is that the Flood is represented as being 40 days long and 150 days long.[1][2] The text says(7:4,12) is that it will rain 40 days and 40 nights, and that the Flood will be on the earth for this time. (7:12,17) It then says the flood waters themselves are on the earth for 150 days,(7:24) and return off the earth constantly until at the end of the 150 days they were stopped.(8:4)

As I look at this text, speaking only as a reader with no special knowledge of the subject, I find the impression of argumentation and bias against the opposition. In this randomly selected case, there are 16 words given to the supporting hypothesis and 176 to the opposition, as counted by Microsoft Word. Again without specialist knowledge, I suspect that the opposing position could be made more compact, with fewer references (at least inline). Alternatively, there could be expansion of the supporting position.

Howard C. Berkowitz 12:57, 19 March 2011 (UTC)

Good idea with the table format. I'd tried to keep opposing positions compact, and removed sections for 1 Samuel and Joshua that I thought got too lengthy - speaking of which, they're not even directly addressing the Pentateuch, just as the Terah 2nd point isn't related - I was considering moving them to a Bible Contradictions page or something like that. Anyway, I will put it into that format right now, although I do think one will see longer sections for the opposing hypothesis in general, since just to me it seems to take more words to defeat a claim or accusation than to make one. Again, I'm all for trying to make the sections of similar length on both sides of the table if that can be done without sacrificing the content and points made, I just question whether it can be done. --Joshua Zambrano 14:08, 19 March 2011 (UTC)
Alright, I've just started putting it into this format, tell me what you think! I kept the subsections rather than using one giant table, so that in the Contents it would still show them as having different subsections, so those coming to the page can see what's addressed, and easily navigate there. You're right that it will need more detail about the claims of Friedman and others in this new format. I'll try to find what I can, but feel free to enlarge upon the sections as well in filling out the supporting hypothesis section to equivalent length. --Joshua Zambrano 14:29, 19 March 2011 (UTC)
Well, see, here's my problem. I don't have an issue with making the supporting hypothesis sections longer - I'm just having trouble finding many other arguments by Barton or Friedman, who I used as primary sources. Barton only briefly touches on each subject with a sentence or two, and Friedman spends very few words on presenting the actual contradictions themselves, merely asserting they're contradictions and then moving right on in to 10 pages of speculation about what to make the JEDP accounts look like, or interpretations related to why the revised form is correct. He doesn't bother making the original case that it's an actual contradiction very solidly in other words, just says it is and moves on, as though he expects everyone to just take for granted that it is a contradiction without really looking into the details. I haven't looked that deeply into Reed's work yet, maybe there's more arguments for these being contradictions there, or a site like can be used to supplement the arguments somehow, because otherwise I could see some of these being tough to lengthen out. If you can see arguments that I'm missing for any of them by all means feel free to include them, as I'd like the similar length, it's just finding material that's proving difficult. --Joshua Zambrano 14:48, 19 March 2011 (UTC)
I found enough on Friedman's p. 51 to get the Creation account to similar length. I'll try getting the rest into table format by the end of today. --Joshua Zambrano 18:42, 19 March 2011 (UTC)
I think the problem is more serious than that. CZ:Neutrality policy says "To represent the dispute fairly, we should (in most cases) present competing views in proportion to their representation among experts, or among the concerned parties." And the citations I gave above say that few maintain Mosaic authorship and the overwhelming tendency is to reject it. On that basis, very little of the article space should be spent on fundamentalist arguments. However, I hope we'll have an editor available, as I said above, which might save us a lot of trouble. Peter Jackson 11:38, 21 March 2011 (UTC)

Another page created

I just created the Bible contradictions page to address several that were previously listed here, namely the Joshua and 1 Samuel subsections. The Incest subsection is better put there since I haven't seen it specifically used yet as support for the Documentary Hypothesis yet. The Acts reference relating to Abraham's age was put in specifically because it was mentioned previously by someone on the Authors of the Bible discussion and I wanted to address it, but it doesn't really have anything to do with the Pentateuch and thus the DH, so it's been moved there.

Right now I'm rushed for time and hope to work on formatting the new page later, but this should allow the contradictions mentioned by Barton and Friedman, such as the Joshua and 1 Samuel ones, to still be addressed even though they're not related to the Documentary Hypothesis itself. Additionally, I'd like to work on filling out some of those Supporting Hypothesis sections for Genesis 6 through 9 and Exodus 24 specifically. --Joshua Zambrano 19:36, 19 March 2011 (UTC)

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named biblica
  2. Friedman. pp. 53-60.