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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota
Infraclass: Neoptera
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Brachycera
Infraorder: Muscomorpha
Family: Drosophilidae
Subfamily: Drosophilinae
Genus: Drosophila
Subgenus: Sophophora
Sturtevant, 1939

The subgenus Sophophora of the genus Drosophila was first described by Alfred Sturtevant in 1939. It contains the best known drosophilid species, Drosophila melanogaster.


Currently, ten species groups are recognized:

Old World

 melanogaster  species  group

 montium  species  group

 ananassae  species  group

 fima  species  group

 obscura  species  group

New World

 willistoni  species  group

 saltans  species  group


  • melanogaster species group (65 species, including D. melanogaster and D. simulans)
  • montium species group (88)
  • ananassae species group (24)
  • obscura species group (41)
  • saltans species group (21)
  • willistoni species group (23)
  • dentissima species group (17)
  • fima species group (23)
  • populi species group (2)
  • dispar species group (3)

The subgenus is paraphyletic because the genus Lordiphosa in also placed within this subgenus.