Single transferable vote

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Single transferable vote (STV) is a preferential voting system designed to minimize wasted votes and provide proportional representation while ensuring that votes are explicitly for candidates rather than party lists. It is known as "choice voting" in the US and quota-preferential in Australia. The single-member form of STV is known as alternative voting (AV) in the British Isles, instant runoff voting (IRV) in the US, and majority-preferential in Australia.