The Oakland Athletics are a Major League Baseball team based in Oakland, California. The team began in Philadelphia in 1901 as the Philadelphia Athletics, as one of the inaugural teams in the American League. The Athletics then moved to Kansas City in 1955 and to Oakland in 1968.
The team has had a total of 9 championship-winning seasons in the modern era (1901 and later) of major-league baseball, winning the World Series in 1910, 1911, 1913, 1929, 1930, 1972, 1973, 1974, and 1989. They were also American League champions, but lost in the World Series, 5 times, in 1905, 1914, 1931, 1988, and 1990. Prior to the start of the modern World Series in 1903, the team won the American League title in 1902, the league's second year. 
Locations and Nicknames
Since the team's inception in 1901, they have been based in 3 different cities: Philadelphia (1901-1954), Kansas City (1955-1967), and Oakland (1968-present). They have played their home games at the following stadiums.      
- 1901-1908: Columbia Park
- 1909-1954: Shibe Park (renamed Connie Mack Stadium in 1953)
- 1955-1967: Municipial Stadium
- 1968-present: The ___ Coliseum (named Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum 1968-1998 and 2008-2016, Network Associates Coliseum 1999-2003, McAfee Coliseum 2004-2008, and Oakland Coliseum 2016-present)
The team's nickname has been The Athletics throughout its history. This is often shortened to "The A's."
- 9 Reggie Jackson
- 24 Rickey Henderson
- 27 Jim "Catfish" Hunter
- 34 Rollie Fingers
- 34 Dave Stewart
- 42 Jackie Robinson (retired across major league baseball)
- 43 Dennis Eckersley
Dave Stewart played and wore #34 before it was retired for Rollie Fingers in 1993.