North Macedonia

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The former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, now officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a landlocked country on the Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe, bordered by Serbia to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south, and Bulgaria to the east.

It was admitted to the United Nations in 1993 with the provisional name of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (officially abbreviated to fYRoM or tfYRoM, usually written FYROM), pending resolution of a naming dispute with Greece, which has an adjoining province also called 'Macedonia' (Greek: Μακεδονία). The country and the Greek province occupy territory that historically constituted most (but not all) of the geographical and administrative region known as Macedonia which was part of the Ottoman Empire. The capital and the largest city of Macedonia is Skopje (Macedonian: Скопје) and "Skopians" is the unofficial name that the Hellenic Republic uses for the citizens of the country. There have been protracted negotiations between the Republic of Macedonia, Greece and the United Nations trying to find an agreement on a definitive, official name which would be recognized by all parties. The proposal of the name Republic of North Macedonia, and was ratified in 2019.