Metabolic syndrome X

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In medicine, Metabolic syndrome X, also called Abdominal obesity-metabolic syndrome or simply Syndrome X, is a "cluster of metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The major components of metabolic syndrome x include excess abdominal fat; atherogenic dyslipidemia; hypertension; hyperglycemia; insulin resistance; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (thrombosis) state."[1][2]


  1. Anonymous (2023), Metabolic syndrome X (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  2. Abdominal obesity-metabolic syndrome. (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, OMIM®. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. MIM Number: 605552. World Wide Web URL: