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The interdisciplinary study of the movement, characteristics and distribution of water, surface-water (fresh water and salt water), groundwater, and water-quality [1][2] Subdisciplines include:

  • Chemical hydrology: the study of the chemical characteristics of water. Also called hydrochemistry, chemical hydrology deals with the chemical characteristics of the surface water (freshwater and marine) and subterranean water. Water is a chemical solvent and, interacting chemically with materials with which it comes into contact, can dissolve many elements.
  • Drainage basin management hydrology.
  • Ecohydrology (the study of interactions between organisms and the hydrologic cycle).
  • Engineering hydrology
  • Global hydrology
  • Groundwater hydrology
  • Hydrobiology
  • Hydrogeology is the study of the presence and movement of water in aquifers.
  • Hydroinformatics is the adaptation of information technology to hydrology and water resources applications.
  • Hydrometeorology is the study of the transfer of water and energy between land and water body surfaces and the lower atmosphere.
  • Isotope hydrology is the study of the isotopic signatures of water.
  • Operational hydrology
  • Qualitative hydrology
  • Surface hydrology is the study of hydrologic processes that operate at or near the Earth's surface.
  • Water resources development and management



  1. American Institute of Hydrology
  2. British Hydrological Society
  3. International Glossary of hydrology
  4. Water resources of the United States USGA
  5. Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology
  6. Virtual campus in hydrology and water resources management A cooperative of Institute of Soil and Water resources Management (Hydrology and Land Improvement Laboratory) EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland; Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Romania (TUCEB); University Timisoara, Faculty of Hydrotechnics, Romania; Technical University "Gheorghe Asachi" of Iasi (T.U.I.), Romania; Sophia University "St Kliment Ohridski", Geology and Geography Faculty ; National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology ; Institute of Water Problems, Bulgaria; Kharkiv State Technical University of Civil Engineering and Architecture (KSTUCA), Ukrainia; Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Ecological Problems (USRIEP), Ukrainia; Technical University of Moldova, Faculty of Urban Engineering and Architecture, Chisinau, Moldova

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