Human geography

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Population density by country, 2006

Human geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes that shape human interaction with the environment, with particular reference to the causes and consequences of the spatial distribution of human activity on the Earth's surface.


It encompasses human, political, cultural, social, and economic aspects of the social sciences. While the major focus of human geography is not the physical landscape of the Earth (see physical geography) it is hardly possible to discuss human geography without referring to the physical landscape on which human activities are being played out, and environmental geography is emerging as an important link between the two. Human geography is methodologically diverse using both qualitative methods and quantitative methods, including case studies, survey research, statistical analysis, and model building among others.

Disciplines of human geography

Disciplines of Human Geography Related Fields
Behavioral geography Psychology
Cultural geography Anthropology and Sociology
Development geography Economic development
Economic geography Economics
Environmental geography Environmental science
Feminist geography Feminism
Historical geography History
Language geography Linguistics
Marketing geography Business
Health geography Health Science and Epidemiology
Military geography Geostrategy
Political geography Political science (including Geopolitics)
Population geography Demography
Regional geography Regionalisation
Religion geography Religion
Social geography Sociology
Strategic geography Geostrategy
Urban geography Urban studies and Planning

External links


  • de Blij, H.J.; Alexander B. Murphy (2000). Culture, Society, and Space, 7th edition. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-44107-4.