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In ethology, an ethogram is a catalogue of an animal's behaviour at the species level, obtained by logging and categorizing observations made in a specific set of individuals of that species by a specific set of human or automated observers. It may comprise only a subset of that species' behaviours (e.g. those related to foraging or escaping) or its full range, though the latter is hard to determine due to a long tail of infrequent but nonetheless important behaviours.

The advantage of ethograms is that they can be recorded with relative ease by observers familiar with a species' behaviour, their disadvantage is that no agreed standards exist that would allow for robust comparisons over large taxonomic distances.