Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the surface lining (conjunctiva) of the eye.
Conjunctivitis may be classified into:
- Conjunctivitis, Allergic
- Conjunctivitis, Bacterial
- Conjunctivitis, Viral
- Reiter Syndrome
Acute conjunctivitis may be caused by bacteria in half of cases with the most common bacteria being Haemophilus influenzae (19%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (11%), and Staphylococcus aureus (8%).
A bacterial cause of acute conjunctivitis is more likely if there is early morning glued eye(s) and the lack of itching.
Delayed antibiotics, in which the patient is given about the course of conjunctivitis and a prescription to fill at their discretion over the next one to three days, may be the most appropriate strategy in primary care.
- National Library of Medicine. Conjunctivitis. Retrieved on 2007-11-19.
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