Cognitive behavioral therapy

From Citizendium
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This article is a stub and thus not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and subject to a disclaimer.

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a "direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior."[1]

The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine considers it a complementary mind-body technique fully accepted as safe and effective.


A systematic review concluded, "CBT delivered in primary care, especially including computer- or Internet-based self-help programs, is potentially more effective than usual care and could be delivered effectively by primary care therapists." [2]


Cognitive behavioral therapy can reduce symptoms of anxiety disorder.[3][4]


Cognitive behavioral therapy can reduce symptoms of major depression in the geriatric patients although only a minority of patients have a reduction in symptoms of 50%.[5]

The role of CBT in chronic depression is not clear.[6]


Cognitive behavioral therapy can help fibromyalgia according to a systematic review. [7]

Somatic symptom disorder (SSD)

Cognitive behavioral therapy can help and help somatic symptom disorder according to randomized controlled trials.[8] [9]

Child psychiatry

The role of cognitive and behavioral psychotherapy in child psychiatry is not clear.[10]

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder may be helped by cognitive behavioral therapy according to a randomized controlled trial. [11]


  1. Anonymous (2023), Cognitive behavioral therapy (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  2. Høifødt RS, Strøm C, Kolstrup N, Eisemann M, Waterloo K (2011). "Effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy in primary health care: a review.". Fam Pract 28 (5): 489-504. DOI:10.1093/fampra/cmr017. PMID 21555339. Research Blogging.
  3. Stanley MA, Wilson NL, Novy DM, et al (April 2009). "Cognitive behavior therapy for generalized anxiety disorder among older adults in primary care: a randomized clinical trial". JAMA 301 (14): 1460–7. DOI:10.1001/jama.2009.458. PMID 19351943. Research Blogging.
  4. Roy-Byrne P, Craske MG, Sullivan G, Rose RD, Edlund MJ, Lang AJ et al. (2010). "Delivery of evidence-based treatment for multiple anxiety disorders in primary care: a randomized controlled trial.". JAMA 303 (19): 1921-8. DOI:10.1001/jama.2010.608. PMID 20483968. Research Blogging.
  5. Serfaty MA, Haworth D, Blanchard M, Buszewicz M, Murad S, King M (2009). "Clinical effectiveness of individual cognitive behavioral therapy for depressed older people in primary care: a randomized controlled trial.". Arch Gen Psychiatry 66 (12): 1332-40. DOI:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2009.165. PMID 19996038. Research Blogging.
  6. Kocsis JH, Gelenberg AJ, Rothbaum BO, Klein DN, Trivedi MH, Manber R et al. (2009). "Cognitive behavioral analysis system of psychotherapy and brief supportive psychotherapy for augmentation of antidepressant nonresponse in chronic depression: the REVAMP Trial.". Arch Gen Psychiatry 66 (11): 1178-88. DOI:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2009.144. PMID 19884606. Research Blogging.
  7. Bernardy K, Füber N, Köllner V, Häuser W (2010). "Efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapies in fibromyalgia syndrome - a systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials.". J Rheumatol 37 (10): 1991-2005. DOI:10.3899/jrheum.100104. PMID 20682676. Research Blogging.
  8. Barsky, Arthur J.; David K. Ahern, Mark R. Bauer, Nyryan Nolido, E. John Orav (2013-11-01). "A Randomized Trial of Treatments for High-Utilizing Somatizing Patients". Journal of General Internal Medicine 28 (11): 1396-1404. DOI:10.1007/s11606-013-2392-6. ISSN 1525-1497 0884-8734, 1525-1497. Retrieved on 2013-10-19. Research Blogging.
  9. Tyrer, Peter; Sylvia Cooper, Paul Salkovskis, Helen Tyrer, Michael Crawford, Sarah Byford, Simon Dupont, Sarah Finnis, John Green, Elenor McLaren, David Murphy, Steven Reid, Georgina Smith, Duolao Wang, Hilary Warwick, Hristina Petkova, Barbara Barrett (2013-10). "Clinical and cost-effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy for health anxiety in medical patients: a multicentre randomised controlled trial". The Lancet. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61905-4. ISSN 01406736. Retrieved on 2013-10-19. Research Blogging.
  10. Spielmans GI, Pasek LF, McFall JP (2007). "What are the active ingredients in cognitive and behavioral psychotherapy for anxious and depressed children? A meta-analytic review.". Clin Psychol Rev 27 (5): 642-54. DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2006.06.001. PMID 17368886. Research Blogging.
  11. Safren SA, Sprich S, Mimiaga MJ, Surman C, Knouse L, Groves M et al. (2010). "Cognitive behavioral therapy vs relaxation with educational support for medication-treated adults with ADHD and persistent symptoms: a randomized controlled trial.". JAMA 304 (8): 875-80. DOI:10.1001/jama.2010.1192. PMID 20736471. Research Blogging.