Cleveland Guardians

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The Cleveland Guardians are a Major League Baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio. The team was founded in 1901 as the Cleveland Blues, one of the inaugural teams in the American League. [1] [2] [3] In 2022, the team's name changed from Cleveland Indians to Cleveland Guardians.


The team has had two championship-winning seasons since the beginning of major-league baseball's modern World Series in 1903, winning the World Series in 1920 and 1948. [4] They were also American League champions, but lost in the World Series, four times: in 1954, 1995, 1997, and 2016.

Locations and Nicknames

The team has been based in Cleveland since its inception in 1901. They have played their home games at the following stadiums. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]

  • 1994-present: Progressive Field (Originally named Jacobs Field, renamed Progressive Field in 2008)
  • 1946-1993: Cleveland Municipal Stadium
  • 1934-1946: League Park and Cleveland Municipal Stadium
  • Second half of 1932 to 1933: Cleveland Municipal Stadium
  • 1901 to first half of 1932: League Park (Originally named League Park, renamed Dunn Field for the 1922-1927 seasons, then name reverted back to League Park starting with the 1928 season)

They have been known by five different nicknames: [10]

  • 2022-present: Cleveland Guardians
  • 1915-2021: Cleveland Indians
  • 1903-1914: Cleveland Naps
  • 1902 only: Cleveland Bronchos
  • 1901 only: Cleveland Blues

Retired Numbers

The following uniform numbers are retired in that players, managers, and coaches of the team will no longer use them. For non-players, the person's role in the organization is also listed. [11] [12]

  • 3 Earl Averill
  • 5 Lou Boudreau (player and manager)
  • 14 Larry Doby
  • 18 Mel Harder
  • 19 Bob Feller
  • 20 Frank Robinson (player and manager)
  • 21 Bob Lemon
  • 25 Jim Thome
  • 42 Jackie Robinson (retired across major league baseball)
  • 455 The fans (455 sellouts)