Alipiopsitta xanthops (Yellow-faced Parrot)

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Yellow-faced Parrot
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Subfamily: Arinae
Genus: Alipiopsitta
Caparroz & Pacheco, 2006[2]
Species: S. xanthops
Binomial name
Alipiopsitta xanthops
(Spix, 1824)

Salvatoria de Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920[3]
Psittacus xanthops Spix, 1824 Salvatoria xanthops (Spix, 1824)
Amazona xanthops (Spix, 1824)

The monotypic Alipiopsitta xanthops, the Yellow-faced Parrot, is the only species of the genus Alipiopsitta, which is part of the parrot family. This parrot is found in central Brazil, from Maranhão south to northern Paraguay and eastern Bolivia.[2][4] This semi-nomadic parrot is found at the cerrado in low numbers and is declining or has already disappeared in large areas of its former range.[1]


Previously, it was placed within the genus Amazona under the name Yellow-faced Amazon. Recent research showed that this species is much closer related to the Short-tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus) and to the members of the genus Pionus.[5][6][7][8] In 2006, the genus name Salvatoria was changed to Alipiopsitta as it was a junior homonym of a genus Salvatoria McIntosh, 1885, a genus of exogonin syllid polychaetes.[2]



  1. 1.0 1.1 BirdLife International (2004). Amazona xanthops. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes a range map and a brief justification of why this species is near threatened
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Caparroz, R. and J. F. Pacheco (2006) A homonymy in Psittacidae: a new name for Salvatoria Miranda-Ribeiro. Rev. Bras. Orn. 14 (2): 174-175
  3. Miranda-Ribeiro, A. (1920) Revisão dos psitacídeos brasileiros. Rev. Mus. Paulista 12:1-82.
  4. Forshaw, Joseph M.; Cooper, William T. [1973, 1978] (1981). Parrots of the World, corrected second edition. David & Charles, Newton Abbot, London. ISBN 0-7153-7698-5. 
  5. Birt, T. P., V. L. Friesen, J. M. Green, W. A. Montevecchi and W. S. Davidson (1992) Cytochrome-B sequence variation among parrots. Hereditas 117:67-72.
  6. Caparroz, R. and J. M. B. Duarte (2004) Chromosomal similarity between the Scaly-headed Parrot (Pionus maximiliani), the Short-tailed Parrot (Graydidascalus brachyurus) and the Yellow-faced Amazon (Salvatoria xanthops) (Psittaciformes: Aves): a cytotaxonomic analysis. Gen. Mol. Biol. 27:522-528.
  7. Duarte JMB and Caparroz R (1995) Cytotaxonomic analysis of Brazilian species of the genus Amazona (Psittacidae, Aves) and confirmation of the genus Salvatoria (Ribeiro, 1920). Braz J Genet 18:623-628.
  8. Russello, M.A. & Amato, G (2004) A molecular phylogeny of Amazona: implications for Neotropical parrot biogeography, taxonomy, and conservation. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 30: 421-437.