Jump to navigation Jump to search
Revision as of 05:23, 14 May 2012 by imported>Hugo Sao Bento Pereira
|National anthem||A Portuguesa|
|Government type||Semi-presidential republic|
|President of the Portuguese Republic||Anibal Cavaco Silva (before: Jorge Sampaio)|
|Prime-Minister||Pedro Passos Coelho (before: José Sócrates)|
|Area||92 931 sq km. 2 km² |
58081 3 mi²
|Population||10.945.870 (75th) |
|Population density||114/km² (66th)|
|HDI||0.897 (high) (29th)|
|Currency||Euro 4 (EUR)|
|Time zone||UTC |
|Country codes||Internet TLD : pt |
Calling code : +351
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Portugal, República Portuguesa), is a country in southwestern Europe, situated in the western part of the Iberian Peninsula. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, and by Spain to the north and east. Its capital and largest city is Lisbon.
Portugal has the oldest national border in Europe: since its formation, it has lost only Olivenza to Spain (Olivenza remains disputed: see more here).
Portugal was the pioneer in the discovery of the New World and the sea route to India, and the founder of the first and longest-lasting colonial empire (from the conquest of Ceuta to the ceding of Macau to the Chinese).