Latin language/Bibliography

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A list of key readings about Latin language.
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Histories of Latin


  • Oxford Latin Dictionary, P. G. W. Glare (ed.). Oxford University Press: Oxford, 1983. 0-19-864224-5
  • A Latin Dictionary, Charles T. Lewis, Charles Short, William Freund. ISBN 0-19-864201-6. Out of copyright; available online in numerous places.

Niermeyer Lanham Blaise (Christian) Blaise (Medieval)

The standard full-size dictionary for Classical Latin is Glare's Oxford Latin Dictionary, or OLD. Glare does not give definitions for Christian or Medieval Latin, however. Lewis & Short's dictionary covers Classical Latin as well, but is older and has less precise definitions. Lewis & Short also has the advantage of giving definitions for Christian and some Medieval Latin words, and is the standard dictionary for the study of Medieval Latin. When Medieval Latin terms are not to be found in Lewis & Short, a number of other dictionaries may be consulted. Niermeyer is the most useful for historical sources; Lanham, though a work in progress and only up to the letter P (?), is widely useful; and Blaise's dictionary (in French) is also widely useful. A number of concise Latin dictionaries also exist.

Grammars & Handbooks

Allen & Greenough Gildersleeve & Lodge Woodcock Mantello & Rigg

Introductory Textbooks

Moreland & Fleischer Wheelock