Extrajudicial detention, Egypt
Egypt's present constitution dates to 1971, when a High Constitutional Court was created, and the Constitution modified both to make Sharia its main basis, but the country is yet to move from Nasser's style of socialism to a democratic model. When Anwar Sadat was assassinated in October 1981, Hosni Mubarak had the Emergency Law passed. This suspended the Constitution, prohibiting public gatherings, and allowing preventive detention. Detained individuals were not entitled to hear charges, or be tried by a military or civil process.
Egypt accepts individuals provided to it through extraordinary rendition, usually but not always when Egyptian charges are pending. Egypt will sentence individuals in absentia.
- Egypt Conflict Profile: The Debate on Constitutional Reform in Egypt, Regional Centre for Conflict Prevention