Difference between revisions of "Distributional hypothesis"

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The '''distributional hypothesis''' is that words found in the same [[context]]s usually have similar [[meaning]]s. The hypothesis is associated with [[Zellig Harris]] and [[J. R. Firth]].
The '''distributional hypothesis''' in [[linguistics]] is that words that occur in the same contexts tend to have similar meanings ([[Zellig Harris|Harris]], 1954). The underlying idea that "a word is characterized by the company it keeps" was popularized by [[J. R. Firth|Firth]] (1957). The Distributional Hypothesis is the basis for [[statistical semantics|statistical semantics]]. Although the Distributional Hypothesis originated in Linguistics, it is now receiving attention in [[cognitive science|cognitive science]] (McDonald and Ramscar, 2001).
==External links==
*[http://www.dmi.columbia.edu/zellig/ Zellig S. Harris]
==See also==
*[[J. R. Firth]]
*[[Zellig Harris]]
*[[Statistical semantics]]
* Firth, J.R. (1957). A synopsis of linguistic theory 1930-1955. In ''Studies in Linguistic Analysis'', pp. 1-32. Oxford: Philological Society. Reprinted in F.R. Palmer (ed.), ''Selected Papers of J.R. Firth 1952-1959'', London: Longman (1968).
* Harris, Z. (1954). Distributional structure. ''Word'', 10(23): 146-162.
* McDonald, S., and Ramscar, M. (2001). Testing the distributional hypothesis: The influence of context on judgements of semantic similarity. In ''Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society'', pages 611-616.
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The distributional hypothesis is that words found in the same contexts usually have similar meanings. The hypothesis is associated with Zellig Harris and J. R. Firth.