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The Bible commonly refers to the Christian Bible, including Old and New Testaments, or the Hebrew Bible, also called the Tanakh, which consists of what Christians call the Old Testament alone. The word "Bible" comes from the Greek word biblion, itself derived from biblos, or a papyrus roll; Býblos was a Phoenician port where papyrus was made and exported. Colloquially, a "bible" can be referred to any other definitive literary or informational work for a particular segment of society.



Textual criticism

  • Metzger, Bruce Manning (2001). The Bible in translation: ancient and English versions. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Academic. ISBN 0-8010-2282-7. 
  • Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). Misquoting Jesus: the story behind who changed the Bible and why. HarperOne. ISBN 0-06-085951-2. 
  • Ehrman, Bart D. (2010). Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the Hidden Contradictions in the Bible (And Why We Don't Know About Them). HarperOne. ISBN 0-06-117394-0. 
  • Ehrman, Bart D.; Metzger, Bruce Manning (2005). The text of the New Testament: its transmission, corruption, and restoration. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-516122-X. 
  • Simon, Richard Keller (2009). A Critical History Of The Text Of The New Testament (1689). Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 1-120-11442-X.