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- See also changes related to Retrotransposon, or pages that link to Retrotransposon or to this page or whose text .
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- Horizontal gene transfer in plants : Any process in which an organism transfers genetic material (i.e. DNA) to another cell that is not its cellular offspring, as distinct from vertical gene transfer where genes are inherited from parents or ancestors in a lineage of cellular organisms.
- Horizontal gene transfer : Transfer of genetic material to a being other than one of the donor's offspring.
- Maize : Cereal grain domesticated in Mesoamerica and subsequently spread throughout the world, and one of the most widely grown crops in the Americas.
- Mobile DNA : Blocks of DNA that are able to move and insert into new locations throughout the genome without needing DNA sequence similarity or requiring the process of homologous recombination to enable movement.
- Restriction enzyme : Enzymes (proteins) that cut DNA at specific DNA base sequences, typically 4-6 base pairs in length.
- Transposon : Blocks of conserved DNA that can occasionally move to different positions within the chromosomes of a cell.
- Virology : The study of viruses, sometimes included in the field of microbiology.