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- See also changes related to Esperanto, or pages that link to Esperanto or to this page or whose text .
- Language (general) : A type of communication system, commonly used in linguistics, computer science and other fields to refer to different systems, including 'natural language' in humans, programming languages run on computers, and so on. A wider definition of language - what counts as a language and what doesn't - is a difficult philosophical topic, deserving an article in its own right.
- Constructed language : A language whose phonology, grammar, and/or vocabulary have been devised by an individual or group, instead of having naturally developed.
- Communication : The set of interactive processes that create shared meaning.
- Contact language : any language which is created through contact between two or more existing languages; may occur when people who share no native language need to communicate, or when a language of one group becomes used for wider communication.
- Lingua franca : Any language used for widespread communication between groups who do not share a native language or where native speakers are typically in the minority; name from 'Lingua Franca', a pidgin once used around the Mediterranean.
- Germanic languages : Branch of the Indo-European language family, initially spoken in northern and central Europe and now spread over many parts of the world.
- Romance languages : Branch of the Indo-European language family, originally spoken in southern, eastern and western Europe and descended from Vulgar Latin, the language of the Ancient Romans; includes modern Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian and Romanian.