Classical plant breeding/Related Articles
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- Biotechnology and plant breeding : The use of microorganisms, such as bacteria or yeasts, or biological substances, such as enzymes, to improve plants and prevent plant diseases.
- Drought : Lack or insufficiency of rain for an extended period that severely disturbs the hydrologic cycle in an area.
- Fungus : A eukaryotic organism, classified into the kingdom Fungi, that is heterotrophic and digest their food externally, and may be a yeast, mold, or mushroom.
- Gene : The functional unit of heredity.
- Gregor Mendel : (1822 - 1884) Discovered the fundamental principles of inheritance which were essential in establishing the genetic basis of heredity.
- Heterosis : An observable phenomenon in which hybrid plants or animals may exhibit greater yields, health or faster rate of growth than their inbred parents.
- Maize : Cereal grain domesticated in Mesoamerica and subsequently spread throughout the world, and one of the most widely grown crops in the Americas.
- Plant breeding : The purposeful manipulation of plant species in order to create desired genotypes and phenotypes for specific purposes, such as food production, forestry, and horticulture.
- Pollination : Process by which pollen is transferred in plants from the male reproductive organ (stamen or staminate cone) to the female reproductive organ (pistil or pistillate cone), thereby enabling fertilisation and sexual reproduction.
- Transposon : Blocks of conserved DNA that can occasionally move to different positions within the chromosomes of a cell.