The Australian Open is an annual tennis tournament and the first Grand Slam tournament of the calendar year. It is a hard court tournament. It takes place in January in Melbourne, Australia, during Australian summer, and therefore has an extreme heat policy, wherein play is stopped when the temperature is deemed to have reached dangerous levels.
The Australian Open has been contested since 1905. No tournament was held in the calendar year 1986, owing to a shift in the tournament date from December (in 1985) to January (in 1987). Originally a grass court tournament, it switched to a hard surface in 1988.
The current (as of 2022) champions are: Rafael Nadal (men's singles), Ashleigh Barty (women's singles), Barbora Krejcikova and Katerina Siniakova (women's doubles), Thanasi Kokkinakis and Nick Kyrgios (men's doubles), and Kristina Mladenovic and Ivan Dodig (mixed doubles).