Arts and Crafts movement
The Arts and Crafts movement was an arts movement in the English speaking world that developed in the second half of the 19th century and lasted until about 1910/1920. In addition to influencing the decorative arts, this movement also had an influence on architecture. The Arts and Crafts movement was founded by William Morris. He took the views of John Ruskin, who at the time was England's greatest art critic, that there was a direct connection between morality, art, and nature, and that man's connection with nature came through craftsmanship, which had been severed by industrialization, and put them into practise by establishing guilds to make various products.