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- Active immunity : The state in which a host maintains an enhanced immunity|immune response]] to a particular disease, triggered either by having had the disease or by receiving antigens for it.
- Albuterol : A short-acting adrenergic beta-agonist, usually inhaled but also administered by the oral route
- Anaphylaxis : An acute allergic reaction caused by exposure to an antigen to which the patient is hypersensitive.
- Autoimmunity : The failure of an organism to recognize its own constituent parts (down to the sub-molecular levels) as "self", which results in an immune response against its own cells and tissues.
- Bacterial cell structure : Morphological and genetic features of unicellular prokaryotic organisms characterized by the lack of a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
- Bacteriophage experimental evolution : Method of testing evolutionary theory under carefully designed, reproducible experiments using bacteriophages.
- Blood cross-matching : Test for incompatibility between donor and recipient blood, carried out prior to transfusion to avoid potentially lethal haemolytic reactions.
- Coombs' test : Haemagglutination test in which coombs' reagent is added to detect incomplete antibodies coating erythrocytes.
- Ebola : A virus that causes severe hemhorragic fever and often death, that is easily spread.
- Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay : Immunoassay utilizing an antibody labelled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase.
- Fluorescent antibody technique : Either of two techniques (direct or indirect) used to test for antigen with a fluorescent antibody.
- HIV test : Tests used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus in serum, saliva, or urine, to detect HIV antibodies, antigens, or RNA.
- Halobacterium NRC-1 : A microorganism from the Archaea kingdom perfectly suited for life in highly saline environments giving biologists an ideal specimen for genetic studies.
- Hemagglutination test : Sensitive tests to measure certain antigens, antibodies, or viruses, using their ability to agglutinate certain erythrocytes.
- Homeopathy : System of alternative medicine involving administration of highly diluted substances with the intention to stimulate the body's natural healing processes, not considered proven by mainstream science.
- Hypersensitivity : In medicine, an altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
- Immediate hypersensitivity : Humoral reaction, mediated by the circulating B lymphocytes, which causes any of three responses: anaphylactic, cytotoxic, and immune system hypersensitivity.
- Immunoassay : Technique that makes use of the binding between an antigen and its homologous antibody in order to identify and quantify the specific antigen or antibody in a sample.
- Immunoglobulin : Proteins produced by lymphocytes, which are primarily antibodies to attack material the body considers hostile, although some may act as cytokines, signaling to other cells
- Immunologic test : Any test that uses immunologic techniques.
- Immunology : The study of all aspects of the immune system in all animals.
- Immunosorbent technique : Sensitive immunoassay that uses an enzyme linked to an antibody or antigen as a marker for the detection of a specific protein, especially an antigen or antibody.
- Infectious disease : In broad terms, diseases caused by living organisms; also a subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the treatment of such diseases
- Intelligent design movement : American political movement advocating a form of creationism and "doubts about Darwin".
- Latex fixation test : Add brief definition or description
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